The most primitive from the English Nordic horses are the Shetland ponies,
which in size are smallest of all breeds. No horse can be registered into
the studbook that is taller than 1m. Their homeland are the Shetland
Islands north of Scotland; the better breeds are on the northern most
island of Unst.
The Shetland pony has round/”chubby” body on short legs, long and wide neck, small brachycephalic head, and very fury coat especially in the winter when he grows very thick undercoat.
At work they show very good endurance and can demonstrate times awesome power for such small horse. On account of their characteristics and mainly their size, they were/are used for work in the mines to clear out narrow shafts before the machines could be set up. Every Saturday they come out to enjoy the fresh air and the sunshine and on Monday they go down again.
Many of these ponies are/were exported to foreign countries, mainly to Canada. Besides working in the mines, they came to be very handy and useful in the flower and vegetable gardens.
For more information on the Shetland ponies, please visit the Shetland Pony Stud-Book Society
Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a.
from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.