The majority of Russian hippologists (Witt, Liskun), according to archeological
documents, hold Iran as the oldest domestication center of the eastern
horse type Tarpan. From here already domesticated, this horse spread in
the beginning of the second millennia B. C. to other ancient civilized
regions of Asia Minor, Assyria, Babylon and then further into Egypt.
In those days, the horse was consecrated to the Sun God, who was depicted as driving in the sky a wagon pulled by golden horses, whose manes shined like blinding sunlight.
For this reason the Persians
sacrificed horses with shiny gold like hair “golden chestnuts”. Greek
historian Herodotus wrote about them:
“From the gods they worship the
Sun God the most, and as food (sacrifice) they bring him a horse. The
reason for this immolation is, that to the swiftest of gods the swiftest
of all animals aught to be sacrificed”. The “horse cult” was not
practiced only by the Iranian nations (Old Persia and Media) but by other
nations further north as well.
days from this sacrificial animal, the horse became a source of meat and
milk and till this day the Iranian nations believe these to have a special
life giving powers. The majority of Russian hippologists are
convinced that it was the Iranian, or possibly the Turkmen’s horse, that
gave the foundation for the breeding of the Arabian horse and to all the
other breeds derived from it.
Breeds belonging to the Iranian subgroup:
Achaltekin (or Akhal-Teke) ахалтекинская лошадь (rus. Achaltekinskaya loshad’)
Yomut (rus. Yomootskaya loshad’)
Karabair (rus. Karabairskaya loshad’)
Lokai (or Lokay) (rus. Lokayskaya loshad’)
Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a.
from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.