The Nordic Group - Ponies.

    This group is not covered under the general English concept for small horses “pony”, which names all horses under 150cm (14’2 hands) a “pony”, hence even small Arabian or a small thoroughbred could be called pony according the English terminology. By their large numbers and various shapes, the northern (Nordics) horses however form a different, though not uniformed group, which is derived from the individual, diluvium form of small wild horses, which Ewart named Equus Gracilis. The northern horse is kind of miniature version of the western horse. Ewart was under the impression that these horses came to Great Britain during the colonization by Galls and from here they’ve spread further north as a form of indigenous horses Equus Celticus. The horses in the northern most part of the country/islands best represent this type of this horse and they are also most primitive (closest to the wild horse). These horses were in England crossbred with the Arabian and the English blood, in southern Scandinavia with the western horse, however in the northeastern Europe and in Asia above the Arctic Circle they have already mixed in the kertag blood.   

Translated by Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a. Lee Stanek from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.