Equine Exterior Anatomy

The names of the exterior parts of the horse's body, colors, markings and more.

   

The Exterior Anatomy of the Horse

 

 

Horse Body

 

Move pointer (cursor) over the numbers in the image!
1. Muzzle
2. Bridge of nose
3. Facial crest
4. Forehead
5. Forelock
6. Cheek (jowl)
7. Poll
8. Crest
9. Withers
10. Back
11. Loin
12. Croup
13. Dock
14. Buttock
15. Haunch
16. Hip
17. Thigh
18. Stifle
19. Quarter
20. Gaskin
21. Hock
22. Cannon
23. Ankle
24. Pastern
25. Coronet
26. Hoof
27. Flank
28. Abdomen
29. Barrel
30. Shoulder
31. Arm
32. Elbow
33. Forearm
34. Chest
35. Point of shoulder
36. Knee
37. Neck
38. Windpipe (trachea)
39. Throatlatch
40. Chestnut
41. Sheath
42. Ergot

 

Head Markings

Head Markings

 

Leg Markings

Leg Markings

 Body Colors

 

BLOOD BAY
Reddish brown with black mane, tail and lower legs.
General Term: BAY
SANDY BAY
Light brown with black mane, tail and lower legs.
General Term: BAY
APPALOOSA
Usually dark spots over white hindquarter blanket
with many variations.
SKEWBALD
A brown and white spotted horse often called Pinto or Paint.
GRAY
A horse born almost black, grows lighter with age, sometimes dappled or flecked.
PALOMINO
Creamy to golden yellow with flaxen mane and tail.
LIVER CHESTNUT
Dark reddish brown. Mane and tail same color as body or flaxen. If flaxen, called Cocoa Palomino.
General Term: Chestnut
GOLDEN CHESTNUT
Lighter shades of golden brown. Mane and tail same color.
General Term: Chestnut

BROWN
Deep brown, sometimes black with lighter brown areas at the muzzle, eyes and inner leg.
General term:
 Bay, if dark Dark Bay or Black.
BLACK
True black without any brownish areas.
STRABERRY ROAN
A brown horse with mixture of white hairs all over.
Gives reddish brown effect.
BLUE ROAN
A back horse with mixture of white hairs, sometimes  with some red, all over the body.
PIEBALD
A black and white spotted horse, often called Pinto.
BUCKSKIN DUN
Tan or smokey yellow with black mane, tail and dorsal stripe. Sometimes zebra striped legs.
 RED DUN
Reddish chestnut with darker mane, tail and dorsal stripe. Sometimes
zebra striped legs.

 

 

 

   
   
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