The Karabair horse was/is bred in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, in the higher elevation of mountain plateaus. These horses come from the southern Turkmen horses, with which the Mongolian blood was obviously crossbred. There are somewhat smaller and lighter, head is of medium length and often form the profile lightly bulged in the nose, straight but sometime thick neck, prominent withers, straight and wide back well tied in with relatively long and wide hindquarters. The chest is sufficiently deep and the bones of the legs are strong. The hind legs are often “cow hocked”, the front often turned out, but dry. There are recognized three forms, the riding, the cart and the pack type. The Karabair was recognized as a great cavalry horse and his breed was used for the refinement of the Mongolian horses.