A determined horse struggles up an icy slope.
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The Siberian horse is bred on vast open lands, spreading from the Eastern slopes of
the Ural mountains to the river Yenisei,
in the northern and eastern Siberia. This breed is a purebred form of the Mongolian
type, in which there are recognized several indigenous types not well known to the
public. All of them are offering to their owners their strength, speed
with endurance, meat, fat, milk, fur/hair for “twines” and skin for
coats, because in the winter they grow very long and thick coat/hair. The
northern horses are heavier and rounder. Even though they are smaller in
the withers than the Manchurian horses (120 to 130 cm/11’ 3 to almost 13
hands) they are/were quite often imported to China to be used in
agriculture, similarly as the Balkaj and Amur horses, whose height varies
between 128 to 140 cm (12’ 2 to almost 14 hands) and the average weight
is 300 kg (661 pounds).
In southern Mongolia is bred the Gobi horse, who in his exterior differs only slightly from the wild Przewalskii horse.
In northern China is bred a rounder type of kertag. This horse was bred in China in the ancient days, shown in the art (paintings, engravings etc.) as not saddled. He shows a high level of zoo technical refinement; hence many of the forms resemble a small Belgian horse. In the southern part of China is bred a horse of the tarpan type.
| The most valued from the
southern Siberian horses is the Altai horse, who is in the bone structure
stronger than the Kirgiz horse; he is excellent (soumar) pack horse, has
very solid back, solid and strong legs and hoofs, and very undemanding in
feed and care; he easily caries on his back the weight of 150 kg (330
pounds) during long trips in the high mountain terrain. The northern
Siberian horses are bred under very harsh living conditions; in the cities
of Tomsk, "Stalinogorsk" and others are conducted races of 3,200 m (2 miles)
in length, which these horses will run in the time of 4 minutes and in trot
in six minutes.
cross breeding of these small horses with the Orlov trotter
or with the
English thoroughbred was never satisfactory, because the progeny was on a
longer leg and lost the undemanding quality of the Siberians.
In consistent crossbreeding with the oriental horses and the English thoroughbreds, also with improvement in the living conditions and with the help of endurance tests to choose by, the Kabardian (Kabardin) horse was bred, who forms the transition between the Mongolian group of kertag type and the eastern group of tarpan type.
Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a.
from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.