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The Kalmyk horse was once bred by the nomadic Kalmyk tribe on the steppes between the Caspian Sea and Manytchem, estuary of the river Don (Kalmykiya). At one time he was also spread not only as far as Altay where he was crossbred with the Kirgiz horse and laid the foundation for the Siberian horse, but west from the Volga river as well, where he blended in with the Old Don horse and other more cultural breeds, which gave him ultimately taller form than the Kirgiz horse (145-150 cm in the withers). These forms were called “drebents”.

Kalmyk horse was rougher than the Kirgiz, had longer neck, steeper shoulder and less steep hindquarters.