anthelmintic, artiodactyl, atavism, Bering Strait, Cenozoic, Charlemagne, coniferin, contagium, Diluvium, Eocene, fauna, Hippology, Jurassic, emollient, keratin, lysine, Mesozoic, Oligocene, panacea, perissodactyl , peristalsis, Phoenicia, phylogenetic, Pliocene, Pleistocene, psyllium, Quaternary, sebaceous, secreta, tapir, Tertiary, Triassic, vanillin, vulnerary
Alluvium – re-cent (resnt)
adj. 1. Of, belonging to, or occurring at a time immediately before the present. 2. Modern; new. 3. Recent. Geology. Of, belonging to, or denoting the Holocene Epoch.
ant-hel-min-tic (anthel-mintik, anthel-) also ant-hel-min-thic (-thik)adj. Acting to expel or destroy parasitic intestinal worms.n. An agent that destroys or causes the expulsion of parasitic intestinal worms.[ANT (I)- + Greek helmins, helminth-, worm. See wel-2.]
ar-ti-o-dac-tyl (arte-o-daktl)n. Any of various hoofed mammals of the order Artiodactyla, which includes cattle, deer, camels, hippopotamuses, sheep, and goats, that have an even number of toes, usually two or sometimes four, on each foot.[From New Latin Artiodactyla, order name : Greek artios, even. See ar-. + Greek daktulos, toe.]–ar’ti-o-dac’tyl or ar’ti-o-dac’ty-lous (-t-ls). adj.
at-a-vism (at-vizm)n. 1. The reappearance of a characteristic in an organism after several generations of absence, usually caused by the chance recombination of genes. 2. An individual or a part that exhibits atavism. Also called throwback. 3. The return of a trait or recurrence of previous behavior after a period of absence.[French atavisme, from Latin atavus, ancestor : atta, father + avus, grandfather. See awo-.]–at’a-vist n. –at’a-vis’tic adj. –at’a-vis’ti-cal-ly adv.
Bering Strait (biring strat) A narrow stretch of water separating Alaska from Siberia and connecting the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea. It is believed that during prehistoric times the strait formed a land bridge by which the original inhabitants of North America arrived from Asia.
Cenozoic (sen-zoik, sen-)adj. Of, belonging to, or designating the latest era of geologic time, which includes the Tertiary Period and the Quaternary Period and is characterized by the formation of modern continents, glaciation, and the diversification of mammals, birds, and plants.
Char-le-magne (sharl-man) Also called Charles I. or “Charles the Great.” 742?-814. King of the Franks (768-814) and founder of the first empire in western Europe after the fall of Rome. His court at Aix-la-Chapelle became the center of a cultural rebirth in Europe, known as the Carolingian Renaissance.
Coniferin a grayish-white, water-soluble powder, C16H22O8·2H2O, obtained from the cambium of coniferous trees and from asparagus: used chiefly in the manufacture of vanillin.
contagium (kn-tajm)n.pl. con-ta-gia (-j). The direct cause, such as a bacterium or virus, of a communicable disease. Also called contagion. [Latin contagium, contagion, contamination, from contagio. See CONTAGION.]
Diluvium – Pleis-to-cene (plist-sen) (4)
adj. Of, belonging to, or designating the geologic time, rock series, and sedimentary deposits of the earlier of the two epochs of the Quaternary Period, characterized by the alternate appearance and recession of northern glaciation and the appearance of the progenitors of human beings.n. The Pleistocene Epoch or system of deposits.
Eocene (e-sen)adj. Of, relating to, or designating the geologic time, rock series, sedimentary deposits, and fossils of the second oldest of the five major epochs of the Tertiary Period, extending from the end of the Paleocene to the beginning of the Oligocene, and characterized by the rise of mammals.
fau-na (fon)n.pl. fau-nas or fau-nae (-ne). 1. Animals, especially the animals of a particular region or period, considered as a group. 2. A catalog of the animals of a specific region or period.[Late Latin Fauna, sister of Faunus.]–fau’nal adj. –fau’nal-ly adv.
Jurassic (joo-rasik)adj. Of, belonging to, or designating the time and deposits of the second period of the Mesozoic Era, characterized by the existence of dinosaurs and the appearance of the earliest mammals and birds.n. The Jurassic Period. [French jurassique after the JURA (MOUNTAINS).]
Hippology is the study of the equine species. A hippologist studies horses, primarily the breeding and origins of horses.
e-mol-lient (i-molynt)adj. 1. Softening and soothing, especially to the skin. 2. Making less harsh or abrasive; mollifying: the emollient approach of a diplomatic mediator.n. 1. An agent that softens or soothes the skin. 2. An agent that assuages or mollifies.[Latin emolliens, emollient-, present participle of emollire, to soften : e-, ex-, intensive pref. See EX- + mollire, to soften (from mollis, soft.)]
keratin (ker-tin) n. A tough, insoluble protein substance that is the chief structural constituent of hair, nails, horns, and hoofs. [Greek keras, kerat-, horn. See ker-1. + -IN.]
ly-sine (lisen, -sin) n. An essential amino acid, C6H14N2O2, derived from the hydrolysis of proteins and required by the body for optimum growth.
Mesozoic (mez-zoik, mes-)adj. Of, relating to, or being the third era of geologic time, including the Triassic Period, the Jurassic Period, and the Cretaceous Period and characterized by the development of flying reptiles, birds, and flowering plants and the appearance and extinction of dinosaurs.n. The Mesozoic Era.
Ol-i-go-cene (oli-go-sen, oli-) Geology.adj. Of, relating to, or being the geologic time and deposits of the epoch in the Tertiary Period of the Cenozoic Era that extended from the Eocene Epoch to the Miocene Epoch.n. 1. The Oligocene Epoch. 2. The deposits of the Oligocene Epoch.
pan-a-ce-a (pan-se) n. A remedy for all diseases, evils, or difficulties; a cure-all.[Latin panacea, from Greek panakeia, from panakes, all-healing : pan-, pan- + akos, cure.]
pe-ris-so-dac-tyl (p-riso-daktl) Zoology.adj. 1. Having an uneven number of toes. 2. Of or relating to certain hoofed mammals, such as horses and rhinoceroses, of the order Perissodactyla, that have an uneven number of toes.n. A hoofed mammal of the order Perissodactyla.[New Latin perissodactylus, from Greek perissodaktulos : perissos, irregular, uneven (from peri, beyond. See per1.) + daktulos, finger.]–pe-ris’so-dac’ty-lous (-dakt-ls). adj.
per-i-stal-sis (peri-stolsis, -stal-)n.pl. per-i-stal-ses (-sez). The wavelike muscular contractions of the alimentary canal or other tubular structures by which contents are forced onward toward the opening.[New Latin, from Greek peristaltikos, peristaltic, from peristellein, to wrap around : peri-, peri- + stellein, to place.
Phoe-ni-cia (fi-nish, -nesh) An ancient maritime country of southwest Asia consisting of city-states along the eastern Mediterranean Sea in present-day Syria and Lebanon. Its people became the foremost navigators and traders of the Mediterranean by 1250 B.C. and established numerous colonies, including Carthage in northern Africa. The Phoenicians traveled to the edges of the known world at the time and introduced their alphabet, based on symbols for sounds rather than cuneiform or hieroglyphic representations, to the Greeks and other early peoples. Phoenicia’s culture was gradually absorbed by Persian and later Hellenistic civilizations.
adj. 1. Of or relating to phylogeny or phylogenetics. 2. Relating to or based on evolutionary development or history: a phylogenetic classification of species.–phy’lo-ge-net’i-cal-ly adv.
Pli-o-cene (pli-sen) Geology. (3-5)
adj. Of, belonging to, or designating the geologic time, rock series, and sedimentary deposits of the last of the five epochs of the Tertiary Period, characterized by the appearance of distinctly modern animals.n. The Pliocene Epoch or its system of deposits.
psyl-li-um (sile-m) n. 1. An annual Eurasian plant (Plantago psyllium) having opposite leaves and small flowers borne in dense spikes. 2. The seeds of this plant, widely used as a mild bulk laxative and sometimes added to foods as a dietary source of soluble fiber.[New Latin, from Greek psullion, diminutive of psulla, flea (from the plant’s use against fleas).]
Quaternary. (4) Geology. Of, belonging to, or designating the geologic time, system of rocks, and sedimentary deposits of the second period of the Cenozoic Era, from the end of the Tertiary Period through the present, characterized by the appearance and development of human beings and including the Pleistocene Epoch and the Holocene Epoch.
sebaceous (si-bashs)adj. Physiology. 1. Of, relating to, or resembling fat or sebum; fatty. 2. Secreting fat or sebum.[Latin sebum, tallow + -ACEOUS.]
secreta (si-kret)pl.n. Substances secreted by a cell, a tissue, or an organ; the products of secretion.
ta-pir (tapr, t-pir)n. Any of several large, chiefly nocturnal, odd-toed ungulates of the genus Tapirus of tropical America, the Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra, related to the horse and the rhinoceros, and having a heavy body, short legs, and a long, fleshy, flexible upper lip.[Perhaps French, ultimately from Tupi tapiira, tapir.]
Tertiary (3). Geology. Of, belonging to, or being the geologic time, system of rocks, and sedimentary deposits of the first period of the Cenozoic Era, extending from the Cretaceous Period of the Mesozoic Era to the Quaternary Period of the Cenozoic Era, characterized by the appearance of modern flora and of apes and other large mammals.
Donkey – Equus asinus
Triassic (tri-asik)adj. Of, belonging to, or being the geologic time, system of rocks, and sedimentary deposits of the first period of the Mesozoic Era, after the Permian Period of the Paleozoic Era and before the Jurassic Period of the Mesozoic Era.n. The Triassic Period or its system of deposits.[Late Latin trias, triad (from the subdivision of this period into three parts). See TRIAD + -IC.]
va-nil-lin (v-nilin, van-lin)n. A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C8H8O3, found in vanilla beans and certain balsams and resins and used in perfumes, flavorings, and pharmaceuticals.
vul-ner-ar-y (vuln-rere )adj. Used in the healing or treating of wounds.n.pl. vul-ner-ar-ies. A remedy used in healing or treating wounds.[Latin vulnerarius, from vulnus, vulner-, wound.